Yadav, Sneha and Dabas, R. S. and Das, Rupesh M. and Upadhayaya, A. K. and Sharma, Kavita and Gwal, A. K. (2009) Diurnal and seasonal variation of F2-layer ionospheric parameters at equatorial ionization anomaly crest region and their comparison with IRI-2001. Advances in Space Research, 45 (3). pp. 361-367. ISSN 0273-1177

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Diurnal and seasonal variations of critical frequency of ionospheric F2-region ‘foF2’ and the height of peak density ‘hmF2’ are studied using modern digital ionosonde observations of equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) crest region, Bhopal (23.2 oN, 77.6 oE, dip 18.5 oN), during solar minimum period 2007. Median values of these parameters are obtained at each hour using manually scaled data during different seasons and compared with the International Reference Ionosphere-2001 model predictions. The observations suggest that on seasonal basis, the highest values of foF2 are observed during equinox months, whereas highest values of hmF2 are obtained in summer and lowest values of both foF2 and hmF2 are observed during winter. The observed median and IRI predicted values of foF2 and hmF2 are analyzed with upper and lower bound of inter-quartile range (IQR) and it is find out that the observed median values are well inside the inter-quartile range during the period of 2007. Comparison of the recorded foF2 and hmF2 values with the IRI-2001 output reveals that IRI predicted values exhibit better agreement with hmF2 as compared to foF2. In general, the IRI model predictions show some agreement with the observations during the year 2007. Therefore it is still necessary to implement improvements in order to obtain better predictions for EIA regions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belong to COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ionosphere; foF2; hmF2; IRI model; Equatorial anomaly
Subjects: Engineering
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Astronomy & Astrophysics
Depositing User: Ms Neetu Chandra
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2012 11:57
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2012 11:57
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/87

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