Yadav, Sneha and Dabas, R. S. and Das, Rupesh M. and Upadhayaya, A. K. and Sarkar, S. K. and Gwal, A. K. (2010) Variation of F-region critical frequency (foF2) over equatorial and low-latitude region of the Indian zone during 19th and 20th solar cycle. Advances in Space Research, 47 (1). pp. 124-137. ISSN 0273-1177

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The effect of solar cycle and seasons on the daytime and nighttime F-layer ionization has been investigated over the equatorial and low-latitude region during 19th (1954–1964) and 20th (1965–1976) solar cycle. The F-layer critical frequency (foF2) data observed from the three Indian Ionosonde stations has been used for the present study. The dependence of foF2 on solar cycle has been examined by performing regression analysis between the foF2 values and R12 (twelve month running average sunspot number). The result shows that the magnitude of the cycle, seasons and the location of station has considerable effects on foF2. There is a significant nonlinear relationship between the foF2 values and R12 during 19th solar cycle as compared to 20th solar cycle. Further, the nighttime saturation effect is prominently seen during the 19th solar cycle and summer season. It is also observed that the most profound saturation effect appears at the equatorial ionization anomaly crest region. Seasonally, it is seen that all the stations exhibits semiannual anomaly. The phenomenon of winter anomaly decays as we move higher along the latitude and is prominently seen during the intense solar activity.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier B.V.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Equatorial ionosphere; Solar cycle; Equatorial electrojet
Subjects: Geology
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Astronomy & Astrophysics
Depositing User: Mr. Abhishek Yadav
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2012 12:54
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2012 12:54
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/639

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