Kumar, Sumit and Kaswan, Jyoti and Satpati, Biswarup and Shukla, A. K. and Gahtori, Bhasker and Pulikkotil, J. J. and Dogra, Anjana (2020) LaScO3/SrTiO3: A conducting polar heterointerface of two 3d band insulating perovskites. Applied Physics Letters, 116 (5). 051603-051608. ISSN 0003-6951

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This work reports a quasi-two-dimensional electron gas (q-2DEG) system at the interface of two wideband-gap insulators, (TiO2-terminated) SrTiO3 and LaScO3, with a minimum thickness of 4-unit cell (uc). The highly crystalline and abrupt heterointerface is confirmed with high-resolution electron microscopy. The mixed Ti4+ and Ti3+ valence states (for 4 uc of LaScO3) obtained from the x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study suggest an intrinsic electronic reconstruction at the interface, leading to a metallic nature. This origin is well supported by density functional theory calculations that reveal an emergence of 3.3 states/eV/spin at the Fermi level for 4 uc in accordance with the polar catastrophe model. The study offers one more perovskite heterostructure, like LaAlO3/SrTiO3, for unraveling the q-2DEG phenomena toward a clear mechanism and futuristic applications.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s American Institute of Physics.
Subjects: Applied Physics/Condensed Matter
Depositing User: Mr. Yogesh Joshi
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2022 11:39
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2022 11:39
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/4786

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