Yadav, Sneha and Dabas, R. S. and Das, Rupesh M. and Upadhayaya, A. K. and Gwal, A. K. (2013) Temporal and spatial variation of equatorial ionization anomaly by using multistation ionosonde data for the 19th solar cycle over the Indian region. Advances in Space Research, 51. pp. 1253-1265. ISSN 0273-1177

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The paper deals with the study of temporal and spatial variation of equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) phenomenon along with its dependence on solar activity and season during the 19th solar cycle by using seven Indian ionosonde stations. Present study is an attempt to carry out the comprehensive study of EIA by using the limited number of ground based instruments. This has been achieved by performing the Gaussian fitting over the latitudinal distribution of F2-region critical frequency (foF2) data. Results reveal that the phenomenon of EIA has a strong dependence on solar activity and seasons. The EIA crest exhibits the feature of latitudinal shifting and expansion with increasing solar activity. It is found out that the effect of solar cycle and seasons on EIA is local time dependent. The observations were also compared with the IRI-2001 model predictions and results reveal that the model values are in general agreement with the observed values with some discrepancies, particularly during the high solar activity period and morning sector. The results have been discussed in the light of relative contribution from transequatorial interhemispheric neutral wind and strength of equatorial fountain process during different local time, season and solar activity levels. Furthermore, an attempt is made to parameterize the location and foF2 of the EIA crest by using the regression analysis. These results can be used to predict the latitudinal position and foF2 of the EIA crest for any given 12-month running average sunspot number (R12).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Subjects: Geology
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Astronomy & Astrophysics
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2020 10:21
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2020 10:21
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/3000

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