Bhuyan, P. K. and Chamua, Minakshi and Subrahmanyam, P. and Garg, S. C. (2006) Effect of solar activity on diurnal and seasonal variations of electron temperature measured by the SROSS C2 over Indian low latitudes. Advances in Space Research, 37 (5). pp. 885-891. ISSN 0273-1177 (Unpublished)

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The local time, seasonal and solar activity variations of electron temperature T-e measured by the SROSS C2 satellite at equatorial and low latitudes during the low to moderate solar activity period of 1994-1998 are investigated. The mean height of the satellite is similar to 500 km and covered the latitude belt of 31 degrees S-34 degrees N and the longitude range of 40-100 degrees E. Results show that T-e varies between 700 and 900 K during nighttime (20:00-04:00 LT), rises sharply in the sunrise period (04:00-06:00 LT) to reach a level of 3500-5000 K within a couple of hours and then falls between 07:00 and 10:00 LT to a daytime (10:00-14:00 LT) average of 1600-2000 K. A secondary maximum is observed around 16:00-18:00 LT in the June solstice in all years and in the equinoxes in the years of moderate activity. The morning enhancement is more pronounced in the equinoxes. Electron temperature during the day was found to be higher in spring compared to that in autumn. Within the solstices, the amplitude of the morning enhancement is higher in winter compared to that in summer. The afternoon enhancement in summer decreases as the solar activity increases. Both day and nighttime T-e bears a positive correlation with solar activity. The observed T-e was also compared with the values predicted by the International Reference Ionosphere, IRI. Comparison reveals that the IRI predicts nighttime T-e well within 100 K of measured temperature. But, in the morning and afternoon, which are periods of enhanced temperature, IRI underestimates T-e in all seasons irrespective of solar activity. Daytime predicted T-e is lower than the measured values when solar activity is low. The difference between measurement and prediction during daytime decreases as the solar activity increases.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Subjects: Engineering
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Astronomy & Astrophysics
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 May 2018 11:56
Last Modified: 09 May 2018 11:56

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