Gangwar, J. and Srivastava, A. K. and Tripathi, S. K. and Wan, M. and Yadav, R. R. (2014) Strong enhancement in thermal conductivity of ethylene glycol-based nanofluids by amorphous and crystalline Al2O3 nanoparticles. Applied Physics Letters, 105. ISSN 0003-6951

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In the present work, the temperature and concentration dependence of thermal conductivity (TC) enhancement in ethylene glycol (EG)-based amorphous and crystalline Al2O3 nanofluids have been investigated at temperatures ranging from 0 to 100 °C. In our prior study, nanometer-sized particles of amorphous-, γ-, and α-Al2O3 were prepared via a simple sol-gel process with annealing at different temperatures and characterized by various techniques. Building upon the earlier study, we probe here the crystallinity, microstructure, and morphology of the obtained α-Al2O3 nanoparticles (NPs) by using X-ray powder diffraction with Rietveld full-profile refinement, scanning electron microscopy, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, respectively. In this study, we achieved a 74% enhancement in TC at higher temperature (100 °C) of base fluid EG by incorporating 1.0 vol. % of amorphous-Al2O3, whereas 52% and 37% enhancement is accomplished by adding γ- and α-Al2O3 NPs, respectively. The amorphous phase of NPs appears to have good TC enhancement in nanofluids as compared to crystalline Al2O3. In a nutshell, these results are demonstrating the potential consequences of Al2O3 NPs for applications of next-generation efficient energy transfer in nanofluids.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Crystallography
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2015 10:47
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2015 10:47

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