Singh, Swati and Kumar, Ashok and Khare, Shashi and Mulchandani, Ashok and -, Rajesh (2014) Single-walled carbon nanotubes based chemiresistive genosensor for label-free detection of human rheumatic heart disease. Applied Physics Letters, 105 (21). ISSN 0003-6951

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A specific and ultrasensitive, label free single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) based chemiresistive genosensor was fabricated for the early detection of Streptococcus pyogenes infection in human causing rheumatic heart disease. The mga gene of S. pyogenes specific 24 mer ssDNA probe was covalently immobilized on SWNT through a molecular bilinker, 1-pyrenemethylamine, using carbodiimide coupling reaction. The sensor was characterized by the current-voltage (I-V) characteristic curve and scanning electron microscopy. The sensing performance of the sensor was studied with respect to changes in conductance in SWNT channel based on hybridization of the target S. pyogenes single stranded genomic DNA (ssG-DNA) to its complementary 24 mer ssDNA probe. The sensor shows negligible response to non-complementary Staphylococcus aureus ssG-DNA, confirming the specificity of the sensor only with S. pyogenes. The genosensor exhibited a linear response to S. pyogenes G-DNA from 1 to1000 ng ml(-1) with a limit of detection of 0.16 ng ml(-1).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Physics
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2015 05:32
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2015 05:32

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