Sharma, Kavita and Das, Rupesh M. and Dabas, R. S. and Pillai, K. G. M. and Garg, S. C. and Mishra, A. K. (2008) Ionospheric precursors observed at low latitudes around the time of koyna earthquake. Advances in Space Research, 42 (7). pp. 1238-1245. ISSN 0273-1177

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (858Kb) | Request a copy


On December 11, 1967 at 05:21 LT, an immense earthquake of magnitude 6.7 struck Koyna, the Indian province of Maharashtra. Its epicenter was located at geographic latitude 17.37°N and longitude 73.75°E with depth of about 3 km. Ground based measurements show variation in the critical frequency of ionospheric F2 layer (foF2) before and after the shock. In the present study the behavior of F2-region of ionosphere has been examined over the equatorial and low latitudinal region ionosphere during the month of December 1967 around the time of Koyna earthquake. For this purpose, the ionospheric data collected with the help of ground-based ionosondes installed at Hyderabad (located close to the earthquake epicenter) Ahmedabad, Trichirapulli, Kodaikanal and Trivendrum have been utilized. The upper and lower bound of Interquartile range (IRQ) are constructed to monitor the variations in foF2 other than day-to-day and diurnal pattern for finding the seismo-ionospheric precursors. Some anomalous electron density variations are observed between post midnight hours to local pre-noon hours at each station. These anomalies are strongly time dependent and appeared a couple of days before the main shock. The period considered in this study comes under the quiet geomagnetic conditions. Hence, the observed anomalies (which are more than the usual day-to-day variability) over all stations are likely to be associated with this imminent earthquake. The possible mechanism to explain these anomalies is the effect of seismogenic electric field generated just above the surface of earth within the earthquake preparation zone well before the earthquake due to emission of radioactive particles and then propagated upward, which perturbs the F-region ionosphere.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier B.V.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ionosphere; Ionospheric precursors; Ionospheric perturbation; Earthquake
Subjects: Geology
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Astronomy & Astrophysics
Depositing User: Ms Neetu Chandra
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2015 07:14
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2015 07:14

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item