Sethi, N. K. and Dabas, R. S. and Sharma, Kavita (2008) Comparison between IRI predictions and digital ionosonde measurements of hmF2 at New Delhi during low and moderate solar activity. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics , 70 (5). pp. 756-763. ISSN 1364-6826

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This paper deals with the diurnal and seasonal variations of height of the peak electron density of the F2-layer (hmF2) derived from digital ionosonde measurements at a low–middle-latitude station, New Delhi (28.6°N, 77.2°E, dip 42.4°N). Diurnal and seasonal variations of hmF2 are examined and comparisons of the observations are made with the predictions of the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI-2001) model. Our study shows that during both the moderate and low solar activity periods, the diurnal pattern of median hmF2 reveals a more or less similar trend during all the seasons with pre-sunrise and daytime peaks during winter and equinox except during summer, where the pre-sunrise peak is absent. Comparison of observed median hmF2 values with the IRI during moderate and low solar activity periods, in general, reveals an IRI overestimation in hmF2 during all the seasons for local times from about 06 LT till midnight hours except during summer for low solar activity, while outside this time period, the observed hmF2 values are close to the IRI predictions. The hmF2 representation in the IRI model does not reproduce pre-sunrise peaks occurring at about 05 LT during winter and equinox as seen in the observations during both the solar activity periods. The noontime observed median hmF2 values increase by about 10–25% from low (2004–2005) to high solar activity (2001–2002) during winter and equinox, while the IRI in the same time period and seasons shows an increase of about 10–20%. During summer, however, the observed noontime median hmF2 values show a little increase with the solar activity, as compared to the IRI with an increase of about 12%.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/S Elsevier B.V.
Uncontrolled Keywords: M(3000)F2; hmF2; IRI model
Subjects: Geochemistry/ Geophysics
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Neetu Chandra
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2013 07:25
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2013 07:25

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