Kumar, Praveen and Kumar, M. and Mehta , B. R. and Shivaprasad, S. M. (2009) Ga-induced superstructures on the Si(1 1 1) 7 × 7 surface. Applied Surface Science, 256 (2). pp. 480-483. ISSN 0169-4332

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Monolayer Ga adsorption on Si surfaces has been studied with the aim of forming p-delta doped nanostructures. Ga surface phases on Si can be nitrided by N2+ ion bombardment to form GaN nanostructures with exotic electron confinement properties for novel optoelectronic devices. In this study, we report the adsorption of Ga in the submonolayer regime on 7 × 7 reconstructed Si(1 1 1) surface at room temperature, under controlled ultrahigh vacuum conditions. We use in-situ Auger electron spectroscopy, electron energy loss spectroscopy and low energy electron diffraction to monitor the growth and determine the properties. We observe that Ga grows in the Stranski-Krastanov growth mode, where islands begin to form on two flat monolayers. The variation in the dangling bond density is observed during the interface evolution by monitoring the Si (LVV) line shape. The Ga adsorbed system is subjected to thermal annealing and the residual thermal desorption studied. The difference in the adsorption kinetics and desorption dynamics on the surface morphology is explained in terms of strain relaxation routes and bonding configurations. Due to the presence of an energetic hierarchy of residence sites of adatoms, site we also plot a 2D phase diagram consisting of several surface phases. Our EELS results show that the electronic properties of the surface phases are unique to their respective structural arrangement.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier B.V.
Subjects: Chemistry
Materials Science
Depositing User: Ms Neetu Chandra
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2012 07:29
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2012 07:29
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/514

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