Chauhan, Sippy Kalra and Gangopadhyay, S. and Singh, Nahar (2008) Environmental aspects of biofuels in road transportation. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 7 (4). pp. 289-299. ISSN 1610-3661

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Energy is a vital and growing need for human activities such as transport, agriculture and industry. The transport and agriculture sectors are major consumers of fossil fuel. However, availability of fossil fuels is limited. The use of fossil fuels is of increasing environmental concerns because it produces toxic airborne particulates and greenhouse gases such as CO2. The increasing industrialization and motorization of the world led to a steep rise for the demand of petroleum-based fuels. Hence, it is necessary to seek alternative fuels, which can be produced from resources available locally within the country such as alcohol, biodiesel and vegetable oils. Biodiesel is defined as the mono alkyl esters of vegetable oils or animal fats. Biodiesel is the best candidate for diesel fuels in the diesel engines. The advantage of biodiesel over gasoline and petroleum/diesel is its eco-friendly nature. This article reviews the production, characterization and current status of biofuels mainly biodiesel along with the environmental impacts of particulate matter, greenhouse gas emissions originated from biodiesel.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Springer Verlag.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biofulels; Biodiesel; Pollution; Vegetable oil; Bioethanol; Biomethanol
Subjects: Chemistry
Depositing User: Ms Neetu Chandra
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2012 07:29
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2012 07:29

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