Gupta, Neeraj and Kumar, Amit and Dhawan, S. K. and Dhasmana, Hrishikesh and Kumar, Avshish and Kumar, Vivek and Verma, Abhishek and Jain, V. K. (2020) Metal nanoparticles enhanced thermophysical properties of phase change material for thermal energy storage. Materials Today: Proceedings , 32 (3). pp. 463-467. ISSN 2214-7853

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Phase change materials (PCMs) are one of the promising materials in thermal energy storage systems. In this work PCM nanocomposites were prepared using melt-blending technique by dispersing metal nanoparticles (Fe, Cu) at mass fraction of 0.5 wt% in magnesium nitrate hexahydrate (MNH), an inorganic salt hydrate PCM. The as-prepared PCM nanocomposites were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffractometer (XRD). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis was carried out to monitor the changes in chemical nature of PCM nanocomposites. The heat transfer characteristics were investigated by conventional heating system, which were used to carry out melting (charging) and solidification (discharging) cycle of MNH-metal nanocomposites. The experiment results clearly indicates that the rate of melting and solidification of MNH-metal nanocomposites increased at 0.5 wt% mass fraction of metal nanoparticles as compared to MNH. The thermal conductivity of MNH-metal nanocomposites at 0.5 wt% mass fraction of metal nanoparticles (Fe, Cu) in solid phase was measured using the transient hot method, which clearly indicates that thermal conductivity improved to (0.61) W m(-1) K-1 for MNH-Fe nanocomposite & (0.63) W m(-1) K-1 for MNH-Cu nanocomposite than that of pure MNH (0.4) W m(-1) K-1. The prepared nanocomposites showed good heat transfer characteristics and better thermal conductivity. Therefore, this study demonstrates that metal nanoparticles, added to inorganic PCM (MNH) had a significant potential for enhancing the thermophysical properties and makes it promising candidate for thermal energy application.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Subjects: Materials Science
Depositing User: Mr. Yogesh Joshi
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2022 10:12
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2022 10:12

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