Goel, Vikas and Mishra, Sumit K. and Pal, Prabir and Ahlawat, Ajit and Vijayan, Narayanasamy and Jain, Srishti and Sharma, Chhemendra (2020) Influence of chemical aging on physico-chemical properties of mineral dust particles: A case study of 2016 dust storms over Delhi. Environmental Pollution , 267. pp. 115338-115347. ISSN 0269-7491

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The physico-chemical properties of dust particles collected During Dust Storm (DDS) and After Dust Storm (ADS) events were studied using Scanning Electron Microscope coupled with Energy Dispersive Xray Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy (XRF) and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). Morphological and compositional change in dust particles were observed as they react with the anthropogenic pollutants present in the urban environment. The calcite rich particles were observed to transform into calcium chloride, calcium nitrate, and calcium sulfate on reacting with the chlorides, nitrates, and sulfates present in the urban atmosphere. The frequency distributions of Aspect Ratio (AR) for the DDS and ADS particles were observed to be bimodal (mode peaks at 1.2 and 1.5) and monomodal (mode peak at 1.1), respectively. The highly irregular shaped solid dust particles were observed to transform into nearly spherical semisolid particles in the urban environment. XPS analysis confirms the high concentration of oxides, nitrates, and chlorides at the surface of ADS samples which show the signatures of mineral dust particles aging. Species with a high value of imaginary part of refractive index (like Cr metal, Fe metal, Cr2O3, FeO, Fe2O3) were observed at the surface of dust particles. At 550 nm wavelength, the light-absorbing potential of the observed species along with black carbon (BC) was found to vary in the order; Cr metal > Fe metal > Cr2O3> FeO > BC > Fe2O3> FeOOH. The presence of the aforementioned species on the surface of ADS particles will tremendously affect the particle optical and radiative properties compared to that of DDS particles. The present work could reduce the uncertainty in the radiation budget estimations of mineral dust and assessment of their climatic impacts over Delhi.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Subjects: Earth Sciences
Depositing User: Mr. Yogesh Joshi
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2022 10:31
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2022 10:31
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/4761

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