Zohora, Fatema Tuj and Aldebs, Alyaa Isam and Nosoudi, Nasim and Singh, Surinder Pal and Ramirez-Vick, Jaime Eduardo (2020) Gene Expression Profiling of Human Adipose Tissue Stem Cells during 2D versus 3D Adipogenesis. Cells Tissues Organs, 208. pp. 113-133. ISSN 1422-6405

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Much of the current understanding on molecular and cellular events of adipose developmental biology comes from monolayer cell culture models using preadipocyte cell lines, although in vivo adipose tissue consists of a much more complex three-dimensional microenvironment of diverse cell types, extracellular network, and tissue-specific morphological and functional features. Added to this fact, the preadipocytes, on which the adipogenesis mechanisms are mostly explored, possess some serious limitations (e.g., time of initial subculture and adipogenic differentiation time), which, perhaps, can efficiently be replaced with progenitor cells such as adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs). With the objective of developing a better in vitro model for adipose developmental biology, this project involves gene expression profiling of human ASCs (hASCs) during their differentiation to adipocytes in a 2D versus 3D culture model. This transcriptional-level analysis revealed that gene expression patterns of adipogenesis-induced hASCs in a 3D self-assembled polypeptide hydrogel are relatively different from the 2D monolayered cells on plastic hard substrate. Moreover, analysis of adipogenic lineage progression 9 days after adipogenic induction shows earlier differentiation of hASCs in 2D over their 3D counterparts. However, differentiation in 2D shows some unexpected behavior in terms of gene expression, which does not seem to be related to adipogenic lineage specification. Since hASCs are already being used in clinical trials due to their therapeutic potential, it is important to have a clear understanding of the molecular mechanisms in an in vivo model microenvironment like the one presented here.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Karger Publishers.
Subjects: Biology
Cell Biology
Depositing User: Mr. Yogesh Joshi
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2022 11:30
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2022 11:30
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/4736

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