Aatif, Md. and Tiwari, J. P. (2020) Futuristic electron transport layer based on multifunctional interactions of ZnO/TCNE for stable inverted organic solar cells. RSC Advances , 10 (69). pp. 42305-42317. ISSN 2046-2069

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Solution-processed inverted bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic solar cells (OSCs) are expected to play a significant role in the future of large-area flexible devices and printed electronics. In order to catch the potential of this inverted BHJ technology for use in devices, a solar cell typically requires low-resistance ohmic contact between the photoactive layers and metal electrodes, since it not only boosts performance but also protects the unstable conducting polymer-based active layer from degradation in the working environment. Interfacial engineering delivers a powerful approach to enhance the efficiency and stability of OSCs. In this study, we demonstrated the surface passivation of the ZnO electron transport layer (ETL) by an ultrathin layer of tetracyanoethylene (TCNE). We show that the TCNE film could provide a uniform and intimate interfacial contact between the ZnO and photo-active layer, simultaneously reducing the recombination of electron and holes and series resistance at the contact interface. After successful insertion of TCNE between the ZnO film and the active layer, the parameters, such as short circuit current density (J(sc)) and fill factor (FF), greatly improved, and also a high-power conversion efficiency (PCE) of similar to 8.59% was achieved, which is similar to 15% more than that of the reference devices without a TCNE layer. The devices fabricated were based on a poly[[4,8-bis[(2-ethylhexyl)oxy]benzo[1,2-b : 4,5-b ']dithiophene-2,6-diyl]-[3-fluoro-2[(2-ethylhexyl)-carbonyl]-thieno[3,4-b]thiophenediyl]] (PTB7):(6,6)-phenyl C71 butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM) blend system. These results suggest that this surface modification strategy could be readily extended in developing large-scale roll-to-roll fabrication of OSCs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Royal Society of Chemistry.
Subjects: Chemistry
Depositing User: Mr. Yogesh Joshi
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2022 11:32
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2022 11:32
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/4733

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