Anurag , Jyoti and Pandey, Pratibha and Singh, Surinder Pal and Jain, Swatantra Kumar and Shanker, Rishi (2010) Colorimetric Detection of Nucleic Acid Signature of Shiga Toxin Producing Escherichia coli Using Gold Nanoparticles. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 10 (7). pp. 4154-4158. ISSN 1533-4880

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Enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) serotype O157:H7 is one of the major pathogens, responsible for the severe disease outbreaks. EHEC causes diseases in humans through production of shiga-like toxin leading to bloody diarrhea. The toxin is encoded by stx2 gene in E. coli. The current methodology for detection of EHEC relies on fluorogenic-substrate based culture media or nucleic acid amplification based Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction assays that are either time consuming or need expensive instrumentation. In this study, the optical properties of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) have been exploited for detection of nucleic acid of Escherichia coli O157:H7. The stx2 gene representing EHEC signature has been targeted using the gold nanoparticle probes. Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) of 20±0.2 nm were synthesised by citrate reduction method and characterised by spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The GNPs were functionalised with 19 and 22 bp of thiolated single stranded DNA complementary to target highly conserved 149 bp region of stx2 gene. Transmission Electron Microscopy revealed the hybridization, aggregation and reduction in the interparticle distances of the GNP probes in the presence of target DNA. The aggregation and the spectral shift in the plasmon band observed with 106 copies of target DNA indicates feasibility of a simple and quick colorimetric ‘spot and read’ test in contrast to amplification based detection methods.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: All rights reserved to Copyright © 2010 American Scientific Publishers
Subjects: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Genetics & Heredity
Materials Science
Depositing User: Ms Neetu Chandra
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2012 06:16
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2012 06:16

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