Siwach, P. K. and Srivastava, Pankaj and Singh, H. K. and Asthana, A. and Matsui, Y. and Shripathi, T. and Srivastava, O. N. (2008) Effect of multielement doping on low-field magnetotransport in La(0.7-x)Mm(x)Ca(0.3)MnO(3) (0.0 <= x <= 0.45) manganite. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 321 (12). pp. 1814-1820. ISSN 0304-8853

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We report the synthesis, structure and low-field magnetotransport properties of Mischmetal (Mm)doped La(0.7-x)Mm(x)Ca(0.3)MnO(3) (0 <= x <= 0.45) manganite. Mischmetal-Mm-is a natural mixture of rare earth elements La, Ce, Pr and Nd with similar to 28%, 50%, 6% and 16% composition, respectively. All the samples crystallize in orthorhombic structure. Increasing x (Mm), corresponding to decreasing the La-site average ionic radii (<Gamma(A)>) hence increasing the size mismatch (i.e. variance sigma(2)), results in strong suppression of ferromagnetism (T-C) and the associated metallicity (T-IM). It may be pointed out that Mm ( La, Ce, Pr and Nd) substitution has been done to create two effects. First, creation of multivalence of Mn (2+, 3+ and 4+) via Ce substitution and second to create higher degree of disorder due to size difference brought in not only by Ce but also by Pr and Nd. Evidences and arguments based on XPS analysis suggest that multivalent ions La, Mm and Ca, and the resulting presence of Mn2+, Mn3+ and Mn4+, causes the simultaneous operation of ferromagnetism-double exchange (Mn2+/Mn3+ and Mn3+/Mn4+) and antiferromagnetic-superexchange (Mn3+/Mn3+ and Mn2+/Mn2+) interaction. In addition, Mm doping also creates inhomogenities at La-as well as Mn-site due to size and valency difference. A curiously huge magnetoresistance as high as similar to 63% for x = 0.35, under a moderate magnetic field of similar to 10 kOe has been observed and even at low magnetic field of similar to 3 kOe MR is similar to 30%. The competing double exchange and superexchange coupled with inhomogenities are the most likely cause for the occurrence of large similar to 63% CMR in the Mm-doped LCMO.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier B.V.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Manganite; Doping; Exchange interaction; Colossal MR
Subjects: Materials Science
Depositing User: Ms Neetu Chandra
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2012 09:04
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2012 09:04

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