Kumar, Amit and Bali, Kunal and Singh, Sachchidanand and Naja, Manish and Mishra, Amit Kumar (2019) Estimates of reactive trace gases (NMVOCs, CO and NOx) and their ozone forming potentials during forest fire over Southern Himalayan region. Atmospheric Research, 227. pp. 41-51. ISSN 0169-8095

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In the present study, emission of trace gases [non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), carbon monoxide (CO) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx)], their ozone forming potentials and ozone sensitivities have been investigated during the forest fire period (2003-2016) over the Southern Himalayan region. Reanalysis data of Global Fire Assimilation System model is used to retrieve the various parameters such as fire radiative power and emission rates of various trace gases. April 2016 is noticed to be anomalous in terms of fire events in the last fourteen years (2003-2016) over the lower Southern Himalayan region. Our estimation shows major contribution of oxygenated compounds (55.2%) amidst all NMVOCs. Mean CO and NOx emission rates are 533.81 and 13.66 mg/m(2)/day, respectively during the forest fire of April months for fourteen years. The emissions of NMVOCs, CO and NOx increased by 90.4, 110.6 and 132.5% and reaches up to 121.1, 958.3 and 25.3 mg/m(2)/day in April 2016 with respect to non-burning period (April 2015). Ozone forming potentials (OFP) of NMVOCs are also examined using the maximum incremental reactivity (MIR) method, which shows similar to 2 times higher OFP for total NMVOCs during 2016 as compared to 2015. Based on the MIR scale, the contribution of top 10 species to OFP are in the decreasing order of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, ethane, propene, toluene, butane, isoprene, methanol, pentene and hexane. The ratio of NMVOCs/NOx is < 8, which indicates that the photochemical production of O-3 is mainly controlled by the levels of NMVOCs. The surface observations of ozone and CO from a Himalayan station Nainital also showed substantial increase in concentration during the forest fire of April 2016. Our results are valuable for the better understanding of chemical composition of trace gases, their role in O-3 formation and effective control strategies of O-3 pollution during the forest fire events over the lower Himalayan region.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Subjects: Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Depositing User: Mr. Yogesh Joshi
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2020 09:21
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2020 09:21
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/4189

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