Majumder, Supriyo and Basera, P. and Tripathi, Malvika and Choudhary, R. J. and Bhattacharya, S. and Bapna, K. and Phase, D. M. (2019) Elucidating the origin of magnetic ordering in ferroelectric BaTiO3-delta thin film via electronic structure modification. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 31 (20). pp. 205001-205011. ISSN 0953-8984

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With the motive of unraveling the origin of native vacancy induced magnetization in ferroelectric perovskite oxide systems, here we explore the consequences of electronic structure modification in magnetic ordering of oxygen deficient epitaxial BaTiO3-delta thin films. Our adapted methodology employs state-of-the-art experimental approaches viz. photoemission, photo-absorption spectroscopies, magnetometric measurements duly combined with first principles based theoretical methods within the frame work of density functional theory (DFT and DFT+U) calculations. Oxygen vacancy (O-V) is observed leading partial population of Ti 3d (t(2g)), which induces defect state in electronic structure near the Fermi level and reduces the band gap. The oxygen deficient BaTiO2.75 film reveals Mott-Hubbard insulator characteristic, in contrast to the band gap insulating nature of the stoichiometric BaTiO3. The observed magnetic ordering is attributed to the asymmetric distribution of spin polarized charge density in the vicinity of O-V site, which originates unequal magnetic moment values at first and second nearest neighboring Ti sites, respectively. Hereby, we present an exclusive method for maneuvering the band gap and on-site electron correlation energy with consequences on magnetic properties of BaTiO3-delta system, which can open a gateway for designing novel single phase multiferroic system.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s IOP Publishing.
Subjects: Applied Physics/Condensed Matter
Depositing User: Mr. Yogesh Joshi
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2020 07:24
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2020 07:24

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