Singh, Priyanka and Shivaprasad , S. M. and Lal, M. and Husain, M. (2008) Angle-dependent XPS analysis of silicon nitride film deposited on screen-printed crystalline silicon solar cell. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells , 93 (1). pp. 19-24. ISSN 0927-0248

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (834Kb) | Request a copy


In this work silicon nitride (Si3N4) film was deposited as an antireflection coating (ARC) on crystalline silicon solar cell (cell♯A) using plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD). Two solar cells XA and XB of approximately equal area were diced from cell#A and characterized by angle-dependent X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The XPS profiling shows the presence of silicon (Si), nitrogen (N), carbon (C) and oxygen (O) in the Si3N4 film. The presence of C and O indicates that organic substances, involved in processing steps were not released completely from the surface and may diffuse in Si3N4 ARC during deposition. The XPS spectra corresponding to Si2p, N1s, C1s and O1s were recorded at angles 0° (normal to the surface), 30° and 45°, as angle increases spectra becomes more surface sensitive. Peak positions in Si2p and N1s spectra explain the oxygen contamination in the Si3N4 film. The shift in the peak positions of C1s and O1s as angle increases from 0° to 45° explains the surface contamination of carbon and oxygen. The atomic composition of elements Si, N, C and O show more carbon, oxygen concentration and smaller N/Si ratio than stoichiometry, i.e. Si3N4 in cell XB. However, cell XA not only show better photovoltaic performance in terms of parameters open-circuit voltage (Voc), short-circuit current density (Jsc), fill factor (FF) and efficiency (η) but also have more uniform texturization and regular pyramids on the surface as revealed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The presence of higher concentration of impurities (carbon and oxygen), non-uniformity in texturization and in the Si3N4 film as well could be responsible for less satisfactory photovoltaic performance of cell XB.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier B.V.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Silicon solar cell; Silicon nitride; Angle-dependent XPS
Subjects: Energy Fuels
Materials Science
Depositing User: Ms Neetu Chandra
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2012 11:45
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2012 11:45

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item