Kumar, Vipin and Yokozeki, Tomohiro and Goto, Teruya and Sharma, Sushant and Dhakate, Sanjay R. and Singh, Bhanu P. (2017) Scavenging phenomenon and improved electrical and mechanical properties of polyaniline-divinylbenzene composite in presence of MWCNT. International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design , 14 (4). pp. 697-708. ISSN 1569-1713

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A semi-doped polyaniline (PANI)-dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid (DBSA) complex is added with a suspension of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT)-divinylbenzene (DVB) to prepare PANI-MWCNT based thermosetting conductive resin system. Firstly, unreinforced nanocomposites with various loading of MWCNT are prepared. Continuous improvement in the electrical conductivity is observed with increasing MWCNT loading in the composite, while improvement in the mechanical properties is observed only up to 0.2 wt% MWCNT loading. On further MWCNT loading, the decrease in mechanical properties is observed. Flexural strength increased by 18% with 0.2 wt% of MWCNT in the unreinforced nanocomposite while electrical conductivity increased continuously to 0.68 S/cm (at 0.5 wt% of MWCNT loading) from 0.25 S/cm (neat sample). DSC and TGA analysis show that MWCNT effectively contributed to enhance the scavenging effect of PANI, affecting degree of DVB polymerization at higher loading of MWCNT. Samples were characterized by FTIR analysis. DMA analysis is also performed to understand the mechanical behavior of the cured unreinforced nanocomposite under dynamic loading. SEM observation has been employed to understand the dispersion behavior of MWCNT into the matrix. PANI-wrapping behavior on MWCNT is observed from the SEM images. Wrapping of PANI on MWCNT increased doping state and surface area of PANI which subsequently contribute to the increased scavenging behavior of PANI at higher MWCNT loading. A structural thermosetting nanocomposite with electrical conductivity of 0.68 S/cm, flexural modulus of 1.87 GPa and flexural strength up to 35 MPa is prepared. In addition, PANI-DBSA/DVB matrix with MWCNT is also used to impregnate carbon fabrics to prepare highly conductive CFRPs. A CFRP with 1.67 S/cm electrical conductivity in through-thickness direction and 328 MPa flexural strength is obtained with the addition of 0.2 wt% MWCNT into the resin system.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Springer Verlag.
Subjects: Engineering > Engineering (General)
Engineering > Mechanical Engineering
Materials Science
Depositing User: Mr. Yogesh Joshi
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2019 11:21
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2019 11:21
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/3990

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