Ramesh, Ch. and Tyagi, Prashant and Yadav, B. S. and Ojha, S. and Maurya, K. K. and Kumar, M. Senthil and Kushvaha, S. S. (2018) Effect of nitridation temperature on formation and properties of GaN nanowall networks on sapphire (0001) grown by laser MBE. Materials Science and Engineering: B , 231. pp. 105-114. ISSN 0921-5107

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Vertical aligned GaN nanowall networks (NWN) have been grown on sapphire (0 0 0 1) substrates using laser assisted molecular beam epitaxy (LMBE) by tuning the sapphire pre-nitridation temperature (200-600 degrees C). Field emission scanning electron microscopy studies showed the formation of hexagonal shaped vertical GaN NWN with wall width of 8-20 nm on high temperature (600 degrees C) nitridated sapphire whereas flower shape granular GaN structure with grain size of 50-240 nm was obtained on low temperature (200 degrees C) nitridated sapphire. The crystalline properties of the GaN NWN have been studied using high resolution X-ray diffraction (HR-XRD). The results show that the full width at half maximum of the GaN(0 0 0 2) X-ray rocking curve has a relatively low value compared to previous reports of hetero-epitaxial grown GaN NWN on sapphire and other substrates. Raman spectroscopy measurements revealed the presence of compressive stress in film whereas tensile stress in GaN NWN structures which is also complimented by HR-XRD analysis. The room temperature photoluminescence spectroscopy measurement for NWN having tip width 8-20 nm showed a 94 meV blue-shift in near band edge emission, even though NWN experienced with tensile stress, which confirm the observation of quantum size effect. The hetero-epitaxial growth of porous GaN NWN with high crystalline quality holds promise for applications in field of nitride based sensors and the enhancement of light extraction efficiency in optoelectronics devices.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Subjects: Materials Science
Depositing User: Mr. Yogesh Joshi
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2019 11:32
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2019 11:32
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/3977

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