Kumar, Ravi and Pandit, Priyanka and Pal, Prabir and Dhakate, S. R and Pant, R. P. and Kumar, Raj and Avasthi, Devesh K. and Singh, Dilip K. (2018) Engineering bright fluorescent nitrogen-vacancy (NV) nano-diamonds: Role of low-energy ion-irradiation parameters. AIP Advances, 8 (8). 085023-085041. ISSN 2158-3226

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Bright emission from fluorescent nanodiamonds (FNDs) is highly desirable for optical bio-imaging applications. Here we report about optimized ion-irradiation and heat treatment conditions for efficient creation of Nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in high pressure high temperature (HPHT) grown type Ib Nanodiamond samples irradiated in energy range (20-50 KeV) and at varying fluence (10(12)-10(16) ions/cm(2)). Different low energy ion irradiations are not detrimental for the crystallinity of nanodiamonds as confirmed by X-ray diffraction and HRTEM. The concentration of defects near the outer surface (non-diamond carbon) has been increased for highest ion dose (50 KeV, 10(16) ions/cm(2)) as compared to lower ion dose (50 KeV, 10(13) ions/cm(2)). The relative emission intensity of characteristic Zero-phonon lines of NV degrees, NV- centers as compared to broad emission in the range 550-750 nm was monitored with varying NV creation conditions. Sample irradiated at 50 KeV and with fluence of 10(13) ions/cm(2) show maximum emission in the phonon side band (550-750 nm) with maxima at 680 nm. These optimized ion irradiation conditions leads to the fabrication of 12.5 +/- 0.8 ppm concentration of NV- centers in nanodiamonds. This is desirable for their use as biomarker. This work provides a recipe for creating bright nanodiamonds for optical imaging applications.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s American Institute of Physics.
Subjects: Materials Science
Applied Physics/Condensed Matter
Nanoscience/ Nanotechnology
Depositing User: Mr. Yogesh Joshi
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2020 06:28
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2020 06:28
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/3893

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