Sarin, Neha and Mishra, Monu and Gupta, Govind Gupta and Parkin, Ivan P. and Luthra, Vandna (2018) Elucidating iron doping induced n- to p- characteristics of Strontium titanate based ethanol sensors. Current Applied Physics , 18. pp. 246-253. ISSN 1567-1739

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A series of pure and iron doped strontium titanate, (SrFexTi1-xO3; x = 0, 0.1 and 0.2) powders were synthesized, characterized and used to fabricate ethanol sensors for low concentration. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) technique was used to confirm the single phase formation. Microstructural properties of the powders were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Electrical conductivity of all the samples at room temperature (RT) was measured. Sensors were optimized for best responsiveness by varying the operating temperature from 350 degrees C to 500 degrees C. The sensor with doping x = 0.2 exhibited best sensing response at 400 degrees C for ethanol gas. The undoped sensor demonstrated a decrease in resistance on exposure to ethanol gas whereas Fe-doped sensors showed increase in resistance. The doping induced changeover from n to p behavior in the sensing response on doping has been investigated and corroborated with an observed shift in the Fermi level position by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The disparity in gas sensing response clearly demonstrates inter-connection of multiple influencing factors such as electrical conductivity, morphology, porosity and change in chemical composition on doping. The sensors were exposed to ethanol, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, butane gases at concentration between 5 ppm and 50 ppm. The sensor exhibited much reduced relative response to all gases other than ethanol which can be utilized for wide range of applications.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Subjects: Materials Science
Applied Physics/Condensed Matter
Depositing User: Mr. Yogesh Joshi
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2019 10:50
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2019 10:50

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