Singh, Akanksha and Sharma, Chavvi and Kumar, Mahesh and Kumari, Reena and Srivastava, Ritu and Sharma, Shailesh Narain (2018) Enhanced luminescence efficiency of wet chemical route synthesized InP-based quantum dots by a novel method: Probing the humidity sensing properties. Journal of Luminescence , 198. pp. 108-116. ISSN 0022-2313

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In indium phosphide quantum dots (InP QDs), the presence of surface states due to unbonded indium or phosphorus atoms quenches its photoluminescence (PL) efficiencies. Hence, it is imperative to passivate these surface states to achieve high photoluminescence efficiencies of InP nanocrystals. In this work, a novel postsynthesis nascent H chemical treatment to enhance the quantum yield of single-pot, wet chemical route synthesized InP QD's is reported for the first time. The main advantages of this post-synthesis treatment are: (i) it is easy, inexpensive and reproducible and (ii) it does not involve harsh chemical treatment viz. dipping of InP QDs in HF-based solutions, nor it requires annealing at high temperatures which may be detrimental to the fragile structure of InP. The significant increment in PL intensity upon aforementioned hydrogen treatment is due to the passivation of surface states and structural recrystallization mechanism that promotes radiative recombination of electrons and holes and hence higher lifetime values. An enhancement in PL intensity of as-synthesized InP QDs upon nascent hydrogen treatment is quite remarkable and is even better than that accomplished by InP-ZnS core-shell QDs with similar size-distribution. The hydrophobicity of H-treated InP QD's is found to be more than untreated InP thus implying higher compactness and structural rigidity similar to as achieved by InP-ZnS core-shell QDs. Mechanisms related to nascent hydrogen treatment, photo-oxidation and PL enhancement and its effect on the surface stoichiometry of InP QDs are discussed via structural, morphological, compositional and optical studies corroborated by various complementary techniques viz. SEM, HRTEM, EDAX, NMR, DLS, Zeta Potential, Contact Angle, PL and Transient Absorption respectively. The application of InP films as a humidity sensor has been demonstrated and untreated InP film in particular shows higher sensitivity values upon exposure to humid treatment as compared with H-treated InP and InP-ZnS core-shell QD's respectively.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Subjects: Optics
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2019 11:24
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2019 11:24

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