Bharti, Meetu and Singh, Ajay and Samanta, Soumen and Debnath, A. K. and Marumoto, Kazuhiro and Aswal, D. K. and Muthe, K. P. and Gadkari, S. C. (2018) Elucidating the mechanisms behind thermoelectric power factor enhancement of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) flexible films. Vacuum, 153. pp. 238-247. ISSN 0042-207X

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Conducting polymers that have shown their potential in flexible electronics and sensorics for the last one decade can be looked upon as promising materials for room temperature thermoelectric applications. Among all the existing popular conducting polymers, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) is being widely studied because of its extraordinary high electrical conductivity and environmental stability. This article explains the possible mechanisms behind power factor enhancement of solvent-mixed flexible PEDOT:PSS films. The films drop-tasted on polyimide sheets by using both pristine and organic solvent (dimethyl sulphoxide i.e. DMSO) pre-mixed solutions were optimized for both annealing temperature and solvent concentrations. The detailed characterization of these films suggested that PSS was detached from PEDOT:PSS after DMSO addition. Selective eviction of PSS from typical core-shell structure of PEDOT:PSS not only caused conformational change in PEDOT chains from benzoid (coiled structure) to quinoid (linear structure) but also re-arranged PSS in more stretched form. Such a modification of the chemical structure caused improvement in power factor mainly due to enhanced charge carried mobility rather than increased doping/carrier concentration. A flexible thermoelectric generator consisting of an array of thirty elements was also fabricated by drop-casting DMSO-mixed PEDOT:PSS solution through a patterned mask. This array resulted in an output voltage of similar to 17.6 mV under a temperature gradient of 80 degrees C.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Subjects: Materials Science
Applied Physics/Condensed Matter
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2019 11:23
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2019 11:23

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