Mishra, S. K. and Ahlawa, A. and Khosla, D. and Sharma, C. and Prasad, M. V. S. N. and Singh, Sukhvir and Gupta, B. and -, Tulsi and Sethi, D. and Sinha, P. R. and Ojha, D. K. and Wiedensohler, A. and Kotnala, R. K. (2018) Experimental investigation of variations in morphology, composition and mixing-state of boundary layer aerosol: A balloon based study over urban environment. Atmospheric Environment, 185. pp. 243-252. ISSN 1352-2310

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The morphology, composition, and complex mixing states of aerosol are extremely important physicochemical properties which are the major inputs to the optical/radiative models. Though, ground based observations of the said properties are abundant but the vertical profiles of the same are very much limited throughout the globe. The information on the vertical heterogeneity of the aforementioned properties over a polluted environment like Delhi will be very helpful to develop a better understanding of the thermodynamics of the lower atmosphere. In present study, we carried out a tethered balloon based field campaign in National Physical Laboratory (28 degrees 38' 10 '' N, 77 degrees 10' 17 '' E) from 21 to 27 February 2014 to explore the vertical distribution of the said properties. Based on the microscopic observations, the bubbly shaped sulfate particles number percentage is less (5%) on the ground, abundant (49%) on altitude < 350 m and nearly absent on altitude > 350 m. At 500 m altitude, particles were majorly of spiked shape with elongated dimension similar to 3-4 mu m. The number percentage of the aged fractals has been found to increase by 4% in the 100-350 m range against the ground observations. Based on the bulk composition of non-carbonaceous species, at 200 m altitude, we observed significant amount (74%) of the oxides of sulfur compared to that of ground observations (30%) that could be due to temperature inversion and air parcel movement from IGP (Indo Gangetic Plain). Various core-shell type particle configurations have been observed at different altitudes. At 200 m altitude, particles were majorly aged with anionic species (like S, Cl and HSO4) and cationic species (like C2H5). The bulk and individual particle level data generated over Delhi environment in this experiment may improve our understanding of boundary layer aerosol and could provide the scientific insights of their probable effects on low level cloud formation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Subjects: Earth Sciences
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2019 07:11
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2019 07:11
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/3820

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