Jain, Shipra and Shah, Jyoti and Dhakate, S. R. and Gupta, Govind and Kotnala, R. K. (2018) Environment-Friendly Mesoporous Magnetite Nanoparticles-Based Hydroelectric Cell. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 122 (11). pp. 5908-5916. ISSN 1932-7447

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The recently invented hydroelectric cell (HEC) is emerging as a better alternative to green electrical energy devices. In this direction, oxygen-deficient mesoporous magnetite nanoparticles have been synthesized by a chemical method to fabricate a magnetite-based HEC. A water molecule chemidissociates on the surface Fe cations and oxygen vacancies, followed by physisorbed water molecule dissociation due to charges trapped inside mesopores of magnetite. Mesoporosity and oxygen vacancies in magnetite nanoparticles have been confirmed by BET and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, respectively. Dissociated H3O+ and OH- ions migrate toward attached silver and zinc electrodes, respectively, in magnetite HEC via capillary and surface diffusion. Ionic diffusion of dissociated ions has been confirmed by a Nyquist plot for dry and wet magnetite HEC. Ohmic loss in magnetite has been found to be less due to Fe2+/Fe3+ hopping process, which results in increased cell current. A typical magnetite HEC of 4.8 cm(2) area delivers a 50 mA peak current with a maximum output power of 38.5 mW. An electromotive force (emf) of 0.77 V is generated due to a redox reaction at respective electrodes in the cell. Reduction in cell emf is attributed to the oxidation of Fe2+ to Fe3+, forming internal cells in magnetite, which ultimately impedes OH- ion diffusion toward the Zn electrode. Byproducts of the HEC, zinc hydroxide and H-2 gas, are not harmful for the environment. Electricity generation by magnetite HEC is a safe, environment-friendly, and facile technique.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Subjects: Chemistry > Physical Chemistry
Materials Science
Nanoscience/ Nanotechnology
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2019 11:39
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2019 11:39
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/3816

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