Singh, Nirankar and Agarwal, Ravinder and Awasthi, Amit and Gupta, Prabhat K. and Mittal, Susheel K. (2009) Characterization of atmospheric aerosols for organic tarry matter and combustible matter during crop residue burning and non-crop residue burning months in Northwestern region of India. Atmospheric Environment, 44 (10). pp. 1292-1300. ISSN 1352-2310

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Aerosol (total suspended particulate) samples collected at three diverse locations (urban-commercial, semi-urban and rural-agricultural) in Patiala, India were analyzed for loss on ignition (LOI) and organic tarry matter (OTM) content in ambient air during crop residue burning (CRB) episodes and non-crop residue burning (NCRB) months in 2006–2007. Results showed high levels of LOI and OTM during wheat and rice crop residue-burning periods at all the sites. Higher levels were obtained during rice crop residue-burning period as compared to the wheat residue-burning period. At semi-urban site, LOI varied between 53 ± 36 μg m−3 and 257 ± 14 μg m−3 constituting 38–78% (w/w) part of the aerosols whereas levels of OTM varied between 0.98 ± 0.11 μg m−3 and 7.93 ± 2.76 μg m−3 comprising 0.42–3.28% (w/w) fraction. At rural-agricultural area site, levels of LOI varied between 86 ± 40 μg m−3 and 293 ± 70 μg m−3 comprising 27–84% (w/w), whereas OTM levels varied between 1.31 ± 0.64 μg m−3 and 10.09 ± 6.56 μg m−3 constituting 0.83–2.42% (w/w) fraction of the aerosols. At urban-cum-commercial site, levels of LOI and OTM varied between 48 ± 23 μg m−3 and 281 ± 152 μg m−3 and 2.53 ± 1.23 μg m−3 and 17.40 ± 8.50 μg m−3, constituting 24–62% (w/w) part of the aerosols, respectively. Results also indicated that OTM and LOI were integral parts of aerosols and their concentrations were influenced by the crop residue burning practices with incorporated effect of vehicular activities in Patiala.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences

Depositing User: Ms Neetu Chandra
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2012 07:04
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2012 07:29

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