Ramesh, Chodipilli and Tyagi, Prashant and Singh, Sandeep and Singh, Preetam and Gupta, Govind and Maurya, Kamlesh Kumar and Srivatsa, Kuchibhotla Murali Krishna and Kumar, Muthusamy Senthil and Kushvaha, Sunil Singh (2018) Influence of growth temperature on structural and optical properties of laser MBE grown epitaxial thin GaN films on a-plane sapphire. Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures , 36 (4). 04G102-04G107. ISSN 1071-1023

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Epitaxial thin GaN films (similar to 60 nm) have been grown on a-plane sapphire substrates at different growth temperatures (500-700 degrees C) using laser molecular beam epitaxy (LMBE). The effect of growth temperatures on the structural and optical properties of GaN layers grown on low temperature (LT) GaN buffer on prenitridated a-sapphire have been studied systematically. The in situ reflection high energy electron diffraction pattern revealed the three-dimensional epitaxial growth of GaN films on a-sapphire under the adopted growth conditions. The full width at half maximum (FWHM) value of x-ray rocking curves (XRCs) along GaN (0002) and (10-12) planes decreases with increasing growth temperature. The FWHM values of (0002) and (10-12) XRC for the 700 degrees C grown GaN film are 1.09 degrees and 1.08 degrees, respectively. Atomic force microscopy characterization showed that the grain size of GaN increases from 30-60 to 70-125 nm with the increase in growth temperature as GaN coalescence time is shorter at high temperature. The refractive index value for the dense GaN film grown at 600 degrees C is obtained to be similar to 2.19 at the wavelength of 632 nm as deduced by spectroscopic ellipsometry. Photoluminescence spectroscopy confirmed that the epitaxial GaN layers grown on a-sapphire at 600-700 degrees C possess near band edge emission at similar to 3.39 eV, close to bulk GaN. The GaN growth at 700 degrees C without a buffer still produced films with better crystalline and optical properties, but their surface morphology and coverage were inferior to those of the films grown with LT buffer. The results show that the growth temperature strongly influences the structural and optical quality of LMBE grown epitaxial GaN thin films on a-plane sapphire, and a growth temperature of >600 degrees C is necessary to achieve good quality GaN films. Published by the AVS.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s American Vacuum Society.
Subjects: Engineering > Electronics and Electrical Engineering
Applied Physics/Condensed Matter
Nanoscience/ Nanotechnology
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2019 06:58
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2019 06:58
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/3779

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