Jain, Shefali and Singh, Akanksha and Gupta, Govind and Vijayan, N. and Sharma, Shailesh Narain (2018) Precursor ratio optimizations for the synthesis of colloidal CZTS nanoparticles for photocatalytic degradation of malachite green. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 122. pp. 8-18. ISSN 0022-3697

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Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) is a foremost applicant material for photovoltaics application constituting environmentally friendly elements in Zn-rich Cu-poor configuration (Zn/Sn > 1, Cu/(Zn + Sn) < 1) with a direct band gap of 1.5 eV. However, with the changes in precursor ratio, the band gap tunability can be observed in these nanoparticles. Here, in this work, we emphasize on the synthesis of CZTS nanoparticles best suited for the photocatalytic application. Synthesis of rod-shaped CZTS nanoparticles has been done via hot injection colloidal route technique by varying the input precursor ratio i.e. Zn:Sn ratio as 1.2:1 2:1 and 4:1. Zn:Sn ratio is (> 1, for Znrich) varied keeping other conditions and precursor ratios (Cu/(Zn + Sn), S/Metal = 1) constant. Different nanorods obtained were characterized by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Photoluminescence (PL) spectra and UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) respectively. The quality of different CZTS samples obtained was analyzed by XPS depth profiling analysis. Zn incorporation in both cases was optimized with respect to tin (Sn), phosphorus (P) and copper (Cu) for photocatalysis application. It was found that addition of more Zn into CZTS samples in precursors during synthesis may lead to lower incorporation of zinc amount, which results in varied properties advantageous for different photoactive applications. On the basis of different characterizations, CZTS nanorods synthesized with precursor ratio Zn: Sn = 2:1 was found to exhibits excellent photocatalytic activity as compared to other CZTS nanoparticles with precursor ratio Zn:Sn = 1.2:1 and 4:1 respectively, toward degradation of Malachite Green dye under sunlight.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Subjects: Chemistry
Applied Physics/Condensed Matter
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2019 06:34
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2019 06:34
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/3757

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