Srivastava, A. K. and Bisht, D. S. and Singh, Sachchidanand and Kishore, N. and Soni, V. K. and Singh, Siddhartha and Tiwari, S. (2018) Scattering and absorption characteristics of aerosols at an urban megacity over IGB: Implications to radiative forcing. Atmospheric Research, 205. pp. 107-117. ISSN 0169-8095

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1468Kb) | Request a copy


Aerosol scattering and absorption characteristics were investigated at an urban megacity Delhi in the western Indo-Gangetic Basin (IGB) during the period from October 2011 to September 2012 using different in-situ measurements. The scattering coefficient (sigma(sp) at 550 nm) varied between 71 and 3014 Mm(-1) (mean similar to 710 +/- 615 Mm(-1)) during the entire study period, which was about ten times higher than the absorption coefficient (sigma(abs) at 550 nm similar to 67 +/- 40 Mm(-1)). Seasonally, sigma(sp) and sigma(abs) were substantially higher during the winter/post-monsoon periods, which also gave rise to single scattering albedo (SSA) by similar to 5%. The magnitude of SSA (at 550 nm) varied between 0.81 and 0.94 (mean: 0.89 +/- 0.05). Further, the magnitude of scattering Angstrom exponent (SAE) and back-scattering Angstrom exponent (BAE) showed a wide range from -1.20 to 1.57 and -1.13 to 0.87, respectively which suggests large variability in aerosol sizes and emission sources. Relatively higher aerosol backscatter fraction (b at 550 nm) during the monsoon (0.25 +/- 0.10) suggests more inhomogeneous scattering, associated with the coarser dust particles. However, lower value of b during winter (0.13 +/- 0.02) is associated with more isotropic scattering due to dominance of smaller size particles. This is further confirmed with the estimated asymmetry parameter (AP at 550 nm), which exhibits opposite trend with b. The aerosol optical parameters were used in a radiative transfer model to estimate aerosol radiative forcing. A mean radiative forcing of -61 +/- 22 Wm(-2) (ranging from -111 to -40 Wm(-2)) was observed at the surface and 42 24 Wm(-2) (ranging from 18 to 87 Wm(-2)) into the atmosphere, which can give rise to the mean atmospheric heating rate of 1.18 K day(-1).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Subjects: Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2019 06:42
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2019 06:42

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item