Soni, Swati and Vats, V. S. and Kumar, Sudhish and Dalela, B. and Mishra, Monu and Meena, R. S. and Gupta, Govind and Alvi, P. A and Dalela, S. (2018) Structural, optical and magnetic properties of Fe-doped CeO2 samples probed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 29 (12). pp. 10141-10153. ISSN 0957-4522

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The present study reports the effect of Fe-doping on the structural, optical, magnetic and electronic properties of polycrystalline CeO2 (for 5 and 10% doping concentration of Fe-cation) samples synthesized by low-temperature solid-state reaction method. Rietveld refinement of the X-ray diffraction patterns establishes fluorite-type face-centred cubic structure of the Fe-doped CeO2 samples and also confirms successful incorporation of Fe ions in the CeO2 lattice. The UV-Vis-NIR absorption spectra displays reduce band gap energy with rising fluency of Fe-ions, which confirm red shifts in the Fe-doped CeO2 samples. The electronic structure of the pure CeO2 and Fe-doped CeO2 polycrystalline samples have been investigated by X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS). The XPS spectra of Ce 3d reveals the reduction of Ce4+ to Ce3+ states Fe-doped CeO2 samples, which are well supported by the Fe 2p and O 1s spectra. Pure polycrystalline CeO2 displays diamagnetic behaviour at room temperature. Interestingly, 5% Fe-doped CeO2 sample displays S-shape hysteresis loop and establishes room temperature ferromagnetism, whereas, 10% Fe-doped CeO2 sample shows weak ferromagnetic behaviour. A decrement is observed in the magnetization on increasing the doping concentration. The possible reason for ferromagnetism in the Fe-doped CeO2 samples may be incorporation of oxygen vacancies, which are further discussed using F-centre exchange mechanism and double exchange interaction. These experimental findings offer potential opportunities for spintronics and optoelectronics applications by integrating them into device structures and evaluating their performance as a function of their material properties.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Springer Verlag.
Subjects: Engineering > Electronics and Electrical Engineering
Materials Science
Applied Physics/Condensed Matter
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2019 06:46
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2019 06:46

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