Singh, D. P. and Gadi, Ranu and Mandal, T. K. (2012) Characterization of Gaseous and Particulate Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Ambient Air of Delhi, India. Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds, 32 (4). pp. 556-579. ISSN 1040-6638

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Three seasonal sampling campaigns were undertaken at an urban site of Delhi for collection of PAHs in particulate and gas phase. Sampling was done by using modified Respirable Dust (PM <= 10 mu m) sampler attached with polyurethane foam (PUF) plugs and compared with conventional Respirable Dust (PM <= 10 mu m) sampler. Total 16 EPA PAH (gaseous + particulate) were determined by Gas Chromatograph-Mass Spectrophotometer (GC-MS). The 3-ring PAH constitutes approximately 90% of the gaseous PAHs with phenanthrene, fluoranthene, acenapthylene, and acenaphthene being the most abundant gaseous PAHs. PAHs with 4- to 6- rings accounted for 92%, 87% and 78% in samples collected during winter, summer and monsoon season respectively. Gaseous PAHs, particulate PAHs and total PAHs were higher during winter as compared to summer and monsoon seasons. The contribution of particulate PAHs were 1.4, 2.1, and 2.5 times higher in winter, summer and monsoon, respectively than of gaseous PAHs. Indeno[123-cd]pyrene, benzo[ghi]perylene, dibenzo[ah]anthracene, benzo[b]fluoranthene, benzo[k]fluoranthene, benzo[a]pyrene and chrysene were found to be the most abundant PAH compounds in the particulate PAHs during all the seasons. The result from application of diagnostic ratio suggests that the higher particulate PAHs emissions were predominantly associated with vehicular emissions along with emissions from biomass burning during winter season.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Taylor & Francis.
Subjects: Chemistry > Organic Chemistry
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2020 07:17
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2020 07:17

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