Singh, Poorva and Nautiyal, Tashi and Auluck, Sushil (2012) Electronic and optical properties of free-standing and supported vanadium nanowires. Journal of Applied Physics , 111 (9). 093506-093515. ISSN 0021-8979

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We have investigated theoretically the electronic and optical properties of free-standing and substrate-supported ultrathin nanowires (NWs) of the transition metal vanadium. Ground state of the structures studied, except free-standing zigzag geometry, is found to be magnetic in nature. We show that for some structures, study of the antiferromagnetic state necessitates considering various possible configurations. All the structures, except dimerized, show metallic behavior. Structure with helical geometry possesses decent value of magnetic moment and is exceptionally stable as well as most stiff of all the structures studied. The plasma frequency and dielectric function nicely exhibit the anisotropy due to one-dimensional nature of the nanowires. The latter is structure-dependent and markedly different from that of bulk. More realistic case of linear chains supported on a substrate shows fair impact of the substrate in comparison with free-standing case. There is substantial charge redistribution on relaxing the geometry. The d-states are in general shifted to lower energies and the peaks in the density of states are broadened, resulting in softening of the structures in the optical spectra.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s American Institute of Physics.
Subjects: Applied Physics/Condensed Matter
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2020 11:20
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2020 11:20

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