Singh, D. P. and Gadi, Ranu and Mandal, T. K. and Dixit, C. K. and Singh, Khem and Saud, T. and Singh, Nahar and Gupta, Prabhat K. (2009) Study of temporal variation in ambient air quality during Diwali festival in India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment , 169 (1-4). pp. 1-13. ISSN 1573-2959

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The variation in air quality was assessed from the ambient concentrations of various air pollutants [total suspended particle (TSP), particulate matter ≤10 μm (PM10), SO2, and NO2 ] for pre-Diwali, Diwali festival, post-Diwali, and foggy day (October, November, and December), Delhi (India), from 2002 to 2007. The extensive use of fireworks was found to be related to shortterm variation in air quality. During the festival, TSP is almost of the same order as compared to the concentration at an industrial site in Delhi in all the years. However, the concentrations of PM10, SO2, and NO2 increased two to six times during the Diwali period when compared to the data reported for an industrial site. Similar trend was observed when the concentrations of pollutants were compared with values obtained for a typical foggy day each year in December. The levels of these pollutants observed during Diwali were found to be higher due to adverse meteorological conditions, i.e., decrease in 24 h average mixing height, temperature, and wind speed. The trend analysis shows that TSP, PM10, NO2, and SO2 concentration increased just before Diwali and reached to a maximum concentration on the day of the festival. The values gradually decreased after the festival. On Diwali day, 24-h values for TSP and PM10 in all the years from 2002 to 2007 and for NO2 in 2004 and 2007 were found to be higher than prescribed limits of National Ambient Air Quality Standards and exceptionally high (3.6 times) for PM10 in 2007. These results indicate that fireworks during the Diwali festival affected the ambient air quality adversely due to emission and accumulation of TSP, PM10, SO2, andNO2.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Springer Verlag.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diwali; Fireworks; Air pollutants; Meteorological parameters; Mixing height; Foggy day
Subjects: Biophysics
Depositing User: Ms Neetu Chandra
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2012 09:06
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2012 09:06

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