Kushvaha, S. S. and Kumar, M. Senthil and Maurya, K. K. and Dalai, M. K. and Sharma, Nita D. (2013) Highly c-axis oriented growth of GaN film on sapphire (0001) by laser molecular beam epitaxy using HVPE grown GaN bulk target. AIP Advances, 3 (9). 092109-092119. ISSN 2158-3226

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Growth temperature dependant surface morphology and crystalline properties of the epitaxial GaN layers grown on pre-nitridated sapphire (0001) substrates by laser molecular beam epitaxy (LMBE) were investigated in the range of 500-750 degrees C. The grown GaN films were characterized using high resolution x-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy (AFM), micro-Raman spectroscopy, and secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS). The x-ray rocking curve full width at a half maximum (FWHM) value for (0002) reflection dramatically decreased from 1582 arc sec to 153 arc sec when the growth temperature was increased from 500 degrees C to 600 degrees C and the value further decreased with increase of growth temperature up to 720 degrees C. A highly c-axis oriented GaN epitaxial film was obtained at 720 degrees C with a (0002) plane rocking curve FWHM value as low as 102 arc sec. From AFM studies, it is observed that the GaN grain size also increased with increasing growth temperature and flat, large lateral grains of size 200-300 nm was obtained for the film grown at 720 degrees C. The micro-Raman spectroscopy studies also exhibited the high-quality wurtzite nature of GaN film grown on sapphire at 720 degrees C. The SIMS measurements revealed a non-traceable amount of background oxygen impurity in the grown GaN films. The results show that the growth temperature strongly influences the surface morphology and crystalline quality of the epitaxial GaN films on sapphire grown by LMBE.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s American Institute of Physics.
Subjects: Materials Science
Applied Physics/Condensed Matter
Nanoscience/ Nanotechnology
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2021 09:58
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2021 09:58
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/3190

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