Gupta, Tejendra K and Singh, Bhanu P. and Dhakate, Sanjay R. and Singh, Vidya N. and Mathur, Rakesh B. (2013) Improved nanoindentation and microwave shielding properties of modified MWCNT reinforced polyurethane composites. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 1 (32). pp. 9138-9149. ISSN 2050-7488

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Acid modified multiwalled carbon nanotubes (a-MWCNT) reinforced polyurethane (PU) composite films have been fabricated using a solvent casting technique with 0-10 wt% of a-MWCNTs. A nanoindentation study has been carried out on these films in order to investigate the mechanical properties. Incorporation of a-MWCNTs in a PU matrix led to a drastic increase in the hardness and elastic modulus. The maximum nanoindentation hardness of 217.5 MPa for 10 wt% a-MWCNT loading was observed as compared to 58.5 MPa for pure PU (an overall improvement of 271%). The nanoindentation elastic modulus for a 10 wt% a-MWCNT loaded sample was 1504.2 MPa as compared to 385.7 MPa for pure PU (an overall improvement of 290%). In addition to hardness and elastic modulus, other mechanical properties i.e. plastic index parameter, elastic recovery, ratio of residual displacement after load removal and displacement at the maximum load and plastic deformation energy have also been investigated. The enhancement in the mechanical properties was correlated with spectroscopic and microscopic investigations using Raman spectroscopy, SEM and TEM. Dispersion of a-MWCNTs in the PU matrix was studied using Raman mapping. Besides the improvement in mechanical properties, the electromagnetic interference shielding properties were also investigated in the 8.2-12.4 GHz (X-band) frequency range. A value of similar to 29 dB for the 10 wt% MWCNT loaded sample having a thickness of 1.5 mm was obtained. Therefore, these polyurethane composite films shall not only be useful for hard and scratchless coatings but also for protection from electromagnetic radiation in making electromagnetic shielding bags for packaging of electronic circuits and for scratchless tape for laminating circuit boards.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Royal Society of Chemistry.
Subjects: Chemistry > Physical Chemistry
Energy Fuels
Materials Science
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2021 06:18
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2021 06:57

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