Verma, Kuldeep Chand and Gupta, Vinay and Kaur, Jaspreet and Kotnala, R. K. (2013) Raman spectra, photoluminescence, magnetism and magnetoelectric coupling in pure and Fe doped BaTiO3 nanostructures. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 578. pp. 5-11. ISSN 0925-8388

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Structural, microstructural, Raman spectroscopy, photoluminescence, saturation magnetization and magnetoelectric (ME) measurement of BaTiO3 (BFT0) and BaFe0.01Ti0.99O3 (BFT1) nanostructures have been studied. BFT0 and BFT1 were prepared by a hydrothermal method of processing temperature 180 degrees C/48 h. The X-ray diffraction pattern shows the coexistence of cubic/tetragonal and hexagonal phases for BFT0 and cubic/tetragonal for BFT1. The Raman spectra confirm the coexistence of tetragonal and hexagonal phases in BFT0 and cubic in BFT1. Transmission electron microscopy images show nanorods of hexagonal shaped faces for BFT0 and cubic shaped nanowires for BFT1. The resulting mechanism of the formation of these nanostructures is discussed. The experimental and theoretical results by photoluminescence are related to the degree of disorder existing in both BFT0 and BFT1 and suggest the presence of localized states existing inside of the band gap which are directly affected for degree of order-disorder. A strong ferromagnetism in BFT1 and diamagnetism in BFT0 is observed by magnetic hysteresis. As BFT1 is ferromagnetic, the value of linear coefficient, alpha called Magnetoelectric (ME) coefficient is calculated as similar to 16 mV/Oe cm at a fixed frequency of 850 Hz. This ME coefficient alpha corresponds to induction of polarization by a magnetic field or of magnetization by an electric field. The observed optimum dc bias field at which the maximum ME coupling occurs is similar to 750 Oe.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Subjects: Chemistry > Physical Chemistry
Materials Science
Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2020 11:18
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2020 11:18

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