Ali, Md. Azahar and Solanki, Pratima R. and Patel, Manoj K. and Dhayani, Hemant and Agrawal, Ved Varun and John, Renu and Malhotra, Bansi (2013) A highly efficient microfluidic nano biochip based on nanostructured nickel oxide. Nanoscale, 5. pp. 2883-2891. ISSN 2040-3364

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We present results of the studies relating to fabrication of a microfluidic biosensor chip based on nickel oxide nanorods (NRs-NiO) that is capable of directly measuring the concentration of total cholesterol in human blood through electrochemical detection. Using this chip we demonstrate, with high reliability and in a time efficient manner, the detection of cholesterol present in buffer solutions at clinically relevant concentrations. The microfluidic channel has been fabricated onto a nickel oxide nanorod-based electrode co-immobilized with cholesterol esterase (ChEt) and cholesterol oxidase (ChOx) that serves as the working electrode. Bare indium tin oxide served as the counter electrode. A Ag/AgCl wire introduced to the outlet of the microchannel acts as a reference electrode. The fabricated NiO nanorod-based electrode has been characterized using X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, HR-TEM, FT-IR, UV-visible spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques. The presented NRs-NiO based microfluidic sensor exhibits linearity in the range of 1.5-10.3 mM, a high sensitivity of 0.12 mA mM(-1) cm(-2) and a low value of 0.16 mM of the Michaelis-Menten constant (K-m).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Royal Society of Chemistry.
Subjects: Chemistry
Materials Science
Applied Physics/Condensed Matter
Nanoscience/ Nanotechnology
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 26 May 2020 11:25
Last Modified: 26 May 2020 11:25

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