Kesarwani, Ajay Kumar and Panwar, O. S. and Tripathi, R. K. and Dalai, M. K. and Chockalingam, Sreekumar (2017) Study of Phosphorus Doped Micro/Nano Crystalline Silicon Films Deposited by Filtered Cathodic Vacuum Arc Technique. Sustainable Cities and Society, 9 (4). pp. 473-481. ISSN 1876-990X

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Phosphorus doped micro/nano crystalline silicon thin films have been deposited by the filtered cathodic vacuum arc technique at different substrate temperatures (T-s) ranging from room temperature (RT) to 350 degrees C. The films have been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, secondary ion mass spectroscopy, dark conductivity (sigma(D)), activation energy (Delta E) and optical band gap (E-g). The XRD patterns show that the RT grown film is amorphous in nature but high T-s (225 and 350 degrees C) deposited films have a crystalline structure with (111) and (220) crystal orientation. The crystallite size of the higher T-s grown silicon films evaluated was between 17 to 31 nm. Raman spectra reveal the amorphous nature of the film deposited at RT whereas higher T-s deposited films show a higher crystalline nature. The crystalline volume fraction of the silicon film deposited at higher T-s was estimated as 65.7% and 74.4%. The values of sigma(D), Delta E and E-g of the silicon films deposited at different T-s were found to be in the range of 8.84 x 10(-4) - 0.98 ohm(-1)cm(-1), 0.06 - 0.31 eV and 1.31-1.93 eV, respectively. A n-type nc-Si/p-type c-Si heterojunction diode was fabricated which showed the diode ideality factor between 1.1 to 1.5.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/S Elsevier.
Subjects: Chemistry > Physical Chemistry
Materials Science
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2019 07:11
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2019 07:11

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