Sharma, Ashima and Mandal, T. K and Sharma, S. K. and Shukla, D. K. and Singh, S. (2016) Relationships of surface ozone with its precursors, particulate matter and meteorology over Delhi. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, 74. pp. 451-474. ISSN 0167-7764

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The paper presents the temporal variations of surface ozone (O-3) and its precursors (oxides of nitrogen (NOX), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4) and non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs)) along with particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) and their relationship with meteorology during January 2012 to December 2014 at an urban site of Delhi, India. The mean mixing ratio of surface O-3, NOX, CO, CH4 and NMHCs were 29.5 +/- 7.3 ppb, 34.7 +/- 11.2 ppb, 1.82 +/- 0.52 ppm, 3.07 +/- 0.37 ppm and 0.53 +/- 0.17 ppm, respectively. This study also comprises an analysis of the relation between UV irradiance and surface O-3. A relationship between the total oxidant concentrations (OX) and NOX has been used to identify the regional background O-3 values and the local levels of primary pollution. An attempt has been made to identify the existence of NOX or NMHC sensitive regime by charting out relationships between O-3, NOX and NMHCs. The respective high pollution periods of surface O-3 and PM differ on a seasonal timescale. Linear regression analysis has been used to quantify the negative influence of the chemical constituents of PM (elemental carbon, NO3-, SO42-) on O-3 values. Statistical validation using bivariate correlation analysis, multiple linear regression (MLR) analysis and principal component analysis (PCA) strongly describes the intricate relationships among the aforesaid variables and meteorology. Potential Source Contribution Function (PSCF) and Concentration Weighted Trajectory (CWT) analysis indicated upper Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP) as a significant source region of O-3 precursor gases contributing for O-3 values at the study site.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M\S Springer Verlag.
Subjects: Earth Sciences
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2019 06:18
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2019 06:18

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