Das, Nibedita and Singh, Satyendra and Joshi, Amish G. and Thirumal, Meganathan and Reddy, V. Raghavendra and Gupta, Laxmi Chand and Ganguli, Ashok Kumar (2017) Pr2FeCrO6: A Type I Multiferroic. Inorganic Chemistry, 56. pp. 12712-12718. ISSN 0020-1669

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We synthesized double perovskite Pr2FeCrO6 by solid-state method. Analysis of its X-ray powder diffraction shows that the compound crystallizes in a centrosymmetric structure with space group Pbnm. Our X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) studies show that all the cations are present in +3 oxidation state. Magnetization studies of Pr2FeCrO6 show that the material is paramagnetic at room temperature and undergoes a magnetic transition below T-CM = 250 K. We observe clear magnetic hysteresis loop, for example, below 150 K. A low remnant magnetization M-r, similar to 0.05 mu(B)/f. u., is inferred from the observed magnetic hysteresis loop. Fe-57 Mossbauer study at 25 K shows a high hyperfine magnetic field of similar to 53 T at the Fe nucleus, which corresponds to a magnetic moment of similar to 6-7 mu(B)/Fe. These two results together suggest a ferrimagnetic (nearly compensated or canted) ordering of the Fe moments. Mossbauer studies dose to the ferrimagnetic ordering temperature suggest interesting magnetic relaxation effects. A dielectric anomaly observed at T-CE = 453 K signals a ferroelectric <-> paraelectric phase transition. We observe at room temperature a clear and well-defined ferroelectric hysteresis loop, P-S = 1.04 mu C/cm(2), establishing ferroelectricity in the material. From these results, we conclude that Pr2FeCrO6 is a type I multiferroic (T-CE > T-CM).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to M\S American Chemical Society.
Subjects: Chemistry > Inorganic Chemistry
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2018 08:35
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 08:35
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/2826

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