Kumari, Shalini and Pradhan, Dhiren K. and Ortega, Nora and Pradhan, Kallol and DeVreugd, Christopher and Srinivasan, Gopalan and Kumar, Ashok and Paudel, Tula R. and Tsymbal, Evgeny Y. and Bumstead, Alice M. (2017) Palladium-based ferroelectrics and multiferroics: Theory and experiment. Physical Review B, 95 (214109). 214109-1-214109-9. ISSN 2469-9950

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Palladium normally does not easily substitute for Ti or Zr in perovskite oxides. Moreover, Pd is not normally magnetic (but becomes ferromagnetic under applied uniaxial stress or electric fields). Despite these two great obstacles, we have succeeded in fabricating lead zirconate titanate with 30% Pd substitution. For 20: 80 Zr: Ti, the ceramics are generally single-phase perovskites (> 99%) but sometimes exhibit 1% PdO, which is magnetic at room temperature. The resulting material is multiferroic (ferroelectric-ferromagnetic) at room temperature. The processing is slightly unusual (> 8 h in high-energy ball-milling in Zr balls), and the density functional theory provided shows that it occurs because of Pd+4 in the oversized Pb+2 site; if all Pd+4 were to go into the Ti+4 perovskite B site, only a small moment of 0.1 Bohr magnetons would result.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to M\S American Physical Society.
Subjects: Applied Physics/Condensed Matter
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2018 07:51
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 07:51
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/2817

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