Mondal, Kunal and Ali, Md. Azahar and Singh, Chandan and Sumana, Gajjala and Malhotra, Bansi D. and Sharma, Ashutosh (2017) Highly sensitive porous carbon and metal/carbon conducting nanofiber based enzymatic biosensors for triglyceride detection. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 246. pp. 202-214. ISSN 0925-4005

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Electrospinning was employed to synthesize a Ag nanoparticle (NP)-impregnated partially aligned and free-standing carbon nanofibers (CNFs) mat using a polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and silver nitrate blend followed by carbonization. Pyrolyzation of the PAN/AgNO3 blend produced the nanoporous CNFs, and the Ag NPs were grown within the CNFs via thermal decomposition of AgNO3. The fiber diameters of the synthesized CNFs ranged from 130 to 190 nm, and the size of the impregnated Ag NPs was similar to 30 nm. The presence of the Ag NPs enhanced the electrical conductivity and promoted graphitization of the CNFs via the templating effect of the Ag NPs. These synthesized CNFs and AgCNFs nanocomposite were electrophoretically deposited onto indium tin oxide electrodes for detection of triglyceride molecules. Oxygen plasma treatment of the CNFs and AgCNFs surfaces resulted in enhanced loading of lipase and glycerol dehydrogenase bienzymes. The AgCNFs nanocomposite exhibited faster electron transfer than the CNFs, as corroborated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry studies. Covalent functionalization via 1-ethy1-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide/N-hydroxysuccinimide coupling chemistry on a nanoporous CNFs surface led to higher stability of the fabricated biosensor toward triglyceride detection. The sensitivity was four-fold higher for the AgCNFs (1.232 mu A mg/dL(-1) cm(-2)) bio-electrode compared with the CNFs (0.33 mu A mg/dL(-1) cm(-2)) over a wide detection range (25-500 mg/dL). These biosensors exhibited excellent selectivity, good reproducibility, and faster response (10 s). Thus, enhanced graphitization and electrical conductivity of nanoporous CNFs via incorporation of Ag NPs yields a promising platform for the detection of triglyceride (TG) biomolecules.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Subjects: Chemistry > Analytical Chemistry
Instruments/ Instrumentation
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2018 08:38
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2018 08:38

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