Masand, Aakash and Borah, Munu and Pathak, Abhishek K. and Dhakate, Sanjay R. (2017) Effect of filler content on the properties of expanded-graphitebased composite bipolar plates for application in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. Materials Research Express, 4 (9). 095604-1-095604-9. ISSN 2053-1591

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Minimization of the weight and volume of a hydrogen-based PEM fuel cell stack is an essential area of research for the development and commercialization of PEMFCs for various applications. Graphite-based composite bipolar plates have significant advantages over conventional metallic bipolar plates due to their corrosion resistivity and low cost. On the other hand, expanded graphite is seen to be a potential candidate for facilitating the required electrical, thermal and mechanical properties of bipolar plates with a low density. Therefore, in the present study, the focus is on minimization of the high loading of graphite and optimizes its composition to meet the target properties of bipolar plates as per the USDOE target. Three types of expanded graphite (EG)phenolic-resin-based composite bipolar plates were developed by partially replacing the expanded graphite content with natural graphite (NG) and carbon black as an additional filler. The three types of composite plate with the reinforcing constituent ratio EG: NG: R (25: 25: 50) give a bending strength of 49 MPa, a modulus of similar to 6 GPa, electrical conductivity > 100 S cm(-1), a shore hardness of 55 and a bulk density of 1.55 g/cc. The 50 wt% loading of resin is sufficient to wet the 50 wt% filler content in the composite plate. This study gives an insight into using hybrid reinforcements in order to achieve the desired properties of bipolar plates.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s IOP Publishing.
Subjects: Materials Science
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2018 08:44
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2018 08:44

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