Agnihotri, Rajesh and Dimri, A. P. and Joshi, H. M. and Verma, N. K. and Sharma, C. and Singh, J. and Sundriyal, Y. P. (2017) Assessing operative natural and anthropogenic forcing factors from long-term climate time series of Uttarakhand (India) in the backdrop of recurring extreme rainfall events over northwest Himalaya. Geomorphology, 284 (SI). pp. 31-40. ISSN 0169-555X

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The entire Indo-Himalayan region from northwest (Kashmir) to northeast (Assam) is facing prevalence of floods and landslides in recent years causing massive loss of property, human and animal lives, infrastructure, and eventually threatening tourist activities substantially. Extremely intense rainfall event of 2013 C.E. (between 15 and 17 June) kicked off mammoth flash floods in the Kedamath area of Uttarakhand state, resulting in huge socioeconomic losses to the state and country. Uttarakhand is an important hilly region attracting thousands of tourists every year owing to numerous shrines and forested mountainous tourist spots. Though recent studies indicate a plausible weakening of Indian summer monsoon rainfall overall, recurrent anomalous high rainfall events over northwest Himalaya (e.g. -2010, 2013, and 2016) point out the need for a thorough reassessment of longterm time series data of regional rainfall and ambient temperatures in order to trace signatures of a shifting pattern in regional meteorology, if any. Accordingly, here we investigate similar to 100-year-long monthly rainfall and air temperature time series data for a selected grid (28.5 degrees N, 31.25 degrees N; 78.75 degrees E, 81.25 degrees E) covering most parts of Uttarakhand state. We also examined temporal variance in interrelationships among regional meteorological data (temperature and precipitation) and key global climate variability indices using advance statistical methods. Major findings are (i) significant increase in pre-monsoon air temperature over Uttarakhand after 1997, (ii) increasing upward trend in June-July rainfall and its relationship with regional May temperatures (iii) monsoonal rainfall (June, July, August, and September; JJAS) showing covariance with interannual variability in Eurasian snow cover (ESC) extent during the month of March, and (iv) enhancing tendency of anomalous high rainfall events during negative phases of Arctic Oscillation. Obtained results indicate that under warming scenario, JJ rainfall (over AS) may further increase with occasional extreme rainfall spells when AO index (March) is negative.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Subjects: Geography, Physical
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2018 08:32
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2018 08:32

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