Dwivedi, Neeraj and Dhand, Chetna and Rawal, Ishpal and Kumar, Sushil and Malik, Hitendra K. and Lakshminarayanan, Rajamani (2017) Anomalous electron transport in metal/carbon multijunction devices by engineering of the carbon thickness and selecting metal layer. Journal of Applied Physics , 121 (225101). 225101-1-225101-8. ISSN 0021-8979

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A longstanding concern in the research of amorphous carbon films is their poor electrical conductivity at room temperature which constitutes a major barrier for the development of cost effective electronic and optoelectronic devices. Here, we propose metal/carbon hybrid multijunction devices as a promising facile way to overcome room temperature electron transport issues in amorphous carbon films. By the tuning of carbon thickness and swapping metal layers, we observe giant (upto similar to 7 orders) reduction of electrical resistance in metal/carbon multijunction devices with respect to monolithic amorphous carbon device. We engineer the maximum current (electrical resistance) from about 10(-7) to 10(-3) A (similar to 10(7) to 10(3) Omega) in metal (Cu or Ti)/carbon hybrid multijunction devices with a total number of 10 junctions. The introduction of thin metal layers breaks the continuity of relatively higher resistance carbon layer as well as promotes the nanostructuring of carbon. These contribute to low electrical resistance of metal/carbon hybrid multijunction devices, with respect to monolithic carbon device, which is further reduced by decreasing the thickness of carbon layers. We also propose and discuss equivalent circuit model to explain electrical resistance in monolithic carbon and metal/carbon multijunction devices. Cu/carbon multijunction devices display relatively better electrical transport than Ti/carbon devices owing to low affinity of Cu with carbon that restricts carbide formation. We also observe that in metal/carbon multijunction devices, the transport mechanism changes from Poole-Frenkel/Schottky model to the hopping model with a decrease in carbon thickness. Our approach opens a new route to develop carbon-based inexpensive electronic and optoelectronic devices.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s American Institute of Physics.
Subjects: Applied Physics/Condensed Matter
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2018 11:36
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2018 11:36
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/2606

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