Yadav, Harish Kumar and Gupta, Vinay and Sreenivas, K. and Singh, S. P. and Sundarakannan, B. and Katiyar, R. S. (2006) Low frequency Raman scattering from acoustic phonons confined in ZnO nanoparticles. Physical Review Letters, 97 (08550). pp. 1-4. ISSN 0031-9007

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We report here the first observation of the low frequency Raman scattering from acoustic phonons in semiconducting zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles without embedding in any solid matrix. ZnO nanoparticles (size 5-10 nm) with nearly spherical shape have been synthesized using a chemical route. A shift in the phonon peaks toward higher frequencies along with broadening was observed with a decrease in particle size. The size dependence of the acoustic phonons in ZnO nanoparticles is explained using Lamb's theory that predicts the vibrational frequencies of a homogeneous elastic body of spherical shape. Our results show that the observed low frequency Raman scattering originates from the spherical (l=0) and quadrupolar vibrations (l=2) of the spheroidal mode due to the confinement of acoustic vibrations in ZnO nanoparticles.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Physics
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 11 May 2018 06:40
Last Modified: 11 May 2018 06:40
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/2501

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