Sharma, H. and Sharma, S. N. and Singh, G. and Shivaprasad, S. M. (2006) Effect of ratios of Cd : Se in CdSe nanoparticles on optical edge shifts and photoluminescence properties. PHYSICA E-LOW-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS & NANOSTRUCTURES , 31 (2). pp. 180-186. ISSN 1386-9477

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This paper addresses the issue related to morphology of CdSe nanoparticles capped with organic molecules. Semiconducting CdSe nanoparticles of 5-16 nm are synthesized using CdO precursor, capped with trioctyl phosphine (TOP)/trioctyl phosphine oxide (TOPO) using different starting precursor ratios of Cd:Se. At an optimum ratio of Cd/Se-2:1, highly luminescent and small sized (similar to 5 nm) nanoparticles are obtained. At other Cd/Se precursor ratios (0.5:1, 1:1, 3: 1) larger particles are formed with varying photoluminescence (PL) intensity and optical absorption (UV-VIS). X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) are used to determine the crystallinity and stoichiometry of the system, respectively. It is shown that the blue shifts of the optical absorption edge concurrent with the CdSe nanocrystal size reduction, for sizes measured by XRD with respect to the bulk semiconductor, agree perfectly with the strong quantum confinement model. The optical edge shifts are significantly higher for CdSe nanocrystallite as measured by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) than the theoretical prediction based on the strong quantum confinernent model. This is understood on the basis of agglomeration effects as observed by TEM for CdSe nanocrystallites. The nano-sized CdSe growth island thus formed comprises of several TOP/TOPO passivated nanocrystals.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Subjects: Nanoscience/ Nanotechnology
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 May 2018 11:55
Last Modified: 09 May 2018 11:55

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